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The United States of America

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Titulek: The United States of America
Datum vložení: 21.9.2013
Referát vložil: jajad

 

BASIC FACTS
 Capital
o Washington D.C.
 Official name
o The United States od America
 Largem cities
o New York, Los Angeles, Chicago
o Philadelphia, San Francisco, Huston, Detroit
 Metropolitan areas
o New York – Boston
o Metro Atlanta
o Baltimore – Washington D.C.
 Symbols of the USA
o American flag
 50 stars = symbol of 50 states
 13 stripes = symbol of 13 first colonies
o Great Seal
 Area
o 9.372.571 km2
PEOPLE
 Populatin = 304.534.000
 Major ohnic/national groups
o Caucasian (white)
o African American, Hispanic, Asian, Native American
LAND AND CLIMATE

 Borders
o Canada
o Mexico
 Sea
o Pacific Oceans
o Atlantic Oceans

 Mountains
o The Rockies
o The Cascade Range
o The Appalachian mountains
o The Sierra Nevada

 5 Great Lakes
o Superior
o Michigan
o Huron
o Erie
o Ontario



 Rivers
o The Mississippi

o The Sacramento River

o The Ohio
o The Colorado river
o The Rio Grande
o The Missouri



 Elevation
o Highest
 Mount McKinley in Alaska = 6.194m
o Lowest
 Dech Valley in California = 86m below sea level
 Climate
o West coast = mild summer, cold winter
o Inland = very hot summer
o Alaska = arctic
o Hawaii = tropic


GOVERNMENT
 Form of government
o Federál republic
 Head of state
o President = elected by the people a 4-year term
 Subdivisions
o 50 states with local subdivisions
 Legislature
o Two houses of Congress
 Senate
 100 members
 Elected for a term of 6 years
 The House od Representative
 435 members
 Elected for a term of 2 years
 The constitution
 Since 1790
 Establishes the basic form of government
o 3 separate branches (each one with power over the others)
 Executive = President
 Legislative = congress
 Judicial = Supreme Court

ECONOMY
 Important products
o Agriculture
 Beef cattle, soybeans
o Manufacturing
 Fous and beverages
 Cars, airplanes, communication equipment
 Mining
 Petroleum, natural gas, coal
 Currency
o US dollar = 100 cents
 Major exported goods
o Cars, computers, airplamens
 Major imported goods
o Petroleum, cars, clothing
REGIONS
New England
 6 states
 Maine, Vermont, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connesticut, Rhode Island
 Boston
o A cultural, educational and commercial centre
 Harvard University, MIT in karby cambridge
 Vermont
o A state with typice rural settlements and farms
The Middle Atlantic Region
 7 states
 New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, West Virginia
 New York City
o The largem city in the United States
 Niagara Falls
o 50 metres high and more than a kilometre wide
 Philadelphia
o A major city
o Independence Hall where the Declaration of Independence was signed
The South
 11 states
 Tennessee, Alabama, Mississippi, Arkansas, Texas, oklahoma, Louisiana…
 Most importatnt crop = cotton, Tobago
 The Great Smoky National Park
 Washington D.C.
o The capital of the USA
o The headquarters of the federal government, the President, Congress and the Supreme Court
 Atlanta
o A cultural and financial centre
 Florida
o The winter holiday state
o Miami is a famous resort and a commercial centre
The Midwest
 13 states
 Iowa, Missouri, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, West Virginia…
 The Black Hills, the Great Lakes
 Chicago
o The third largem city in the coutry
o The Sears Tower
 Detroit
o A city famous for car production
o Henry Ford Museum
The North West Region
 The Rocky Mountain States
 Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, Colorado, Utah, New Mexico
 The Paific Northwest
 Oregon, Washington, Alaska
 Yellowstone National Park, Glacier National Park, Yosemite National Park
 Denver, Seattle, the Colorado Rockies = the ski resort sof Vail and Aspen
 Salt Lake City – Mormons
 Alaska
o Largem city Anchorage
o Inuits = native population
The Southwest and Hawaii
 4 states
 California, Arizona, Nevada, Hawaii
 The Sequia National Park, the Great Basin with the Death Valley
 Some Native Americans in reservations  the Navajo and Shoshone people
 San Francisco
o A city famous for cable cars
o Chinatown, The Golden Gate Bridge, Alcatraz
 Los Angeles
o A famous city of the film industry
o Hollywood, Beverly Hills, Pasadena, Long Beach
o The Grand Canyon
 30 km wide and 1,6 km deep
 The Canon walls rekord 2 billion years of the Earth’s geological history
o Las Vegas
 A city of casinos, slot machina and gaming table
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